1. What are cookies?
Cookies are small text strings that websites send to users terminal equipment (usually to the browser), where they are stored in order to be transmitted back to the same site once the user accesses again. During the navigation users can even receive on their terminal equipment cookies that are sent from different sites or web servers (so-called “third-parties”), which can reside on some elements (such as, for example, images, maps, sounds, links to specific pages on other domains) of the visited page.
Cookies, usually stored in the browser in very large number and sometimes for a long period of time, are used for different purposes: authentication, session monitoring, storing of data about specific configurations etc.
2. What are the main types of cookies?
In a legal sense, there are two main categories of cookies: techical cookies and profiling cookies.
a. Techical cookies
Technical Cookies are used for the sole purpose of “permitting the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or strictly to permit the provider of an information service – explicitly requested by the subscriber or user – to provide such service” (Privacy Law, article 122, paragraph 1).
Cookies are not used for other purposes and are usually installed by the owner or webmaster of the website. They can be divided into groups: session or browsing cookies, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to shop or login to access restricted areas); analytic cookies, considered technical cookies if used directly by the website operator to collect aggregate traffic data; functional cookies, which allow navigation according on users choices (for example, language, selected products etc.) in order to improve the service. These kind of cookies can be installed without users prior consent.
b. Profiling cookies
Profiling cookies are meant to create user profiles and used in order to send advertising messages based on the preferences expressed by the user while surfing the internet. Considering the potential high invasiveness of such cookies within users private sphere, the Italian and European Legislation require both the proper information and the expression of a valid consent.
According to article 122 of the privacy law “the storage of information in the terminal equipment of a user or the access to already stored information are only permitted after users informed consent (see the simplified procedure as defined in article 13, paragraph 3, Privacy Law).”
Session cookies contain information used in your current browser session. These cookies are automatically deleted when you close your browser. Nothing is stored on your computer after you leave the website (PHPSESSID).
First-party and third-party cookies
They differ depending on whether the person who installs cookies on the users terminal equipment is the website manager (which may be briefly indicated as “publisher”) or a different site (so called “third-party”).
First-party cookies, created and readable only by the site that generated them.
Third-party cookies, which are created and readable by external domains and the data of which are stored in third-party servers.
3. What cookies uses this website, which are their main features and how to opt out of each profiling cookie
This website may send you the below listed and briefly described cookies:
To disable one or more profiling cookies you can:
- access the above links and opt out;
- alternatively you can follow the below listed disabling procedure (for major browsers):
Microsoft Windows Explorer
Last update: 19th May 2016